Gottfried August Homilius, was a pupil of J.S. Bach, and master of Johann Adam Hiller. He became organist of the Frauenkirche in Dresden in 1742, and in 1755 director of the music in the three principal churches there, and Kantor of tbe Kreuzschule, the choir of which he brought to a high pitch of excellence. He enjoyed a considerable reputation among his contemporaries as an organist, especially for his skill in registration. He was an industrious composer, and in the latter part of the 18th century his larger church works were ranked very high.
This piece is one of four chorale-preludes Homilius wrote on Christ lag in Todesbanden.