Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (15 August 1875 – 1 September 1912) was an English composer and conductor who was mixed-race, part Sierra Leone Creole. He achieved such success that he was referred to by white New York musicians as the "African Mahler" at the time when he toured the United States. He was born in 1875 in Holborn, London, to Alice Hare Martin (1856–1953), an English woman, and Dr. Daniel Peter Hughes Taylor, a Creole from Sierra Leone, of mixed European and African descent. His mother named her son Samuel Coleridge Taylor after the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
By 1896, Coleridge-Taylor was already earning a reputation as a composer. He was later helped by Edward Elgar, who recommended him to the Three Choirs Festival. His "Ballade in A minor" was premiered there. His early work was also guided by the influential music editor and critic August Jaeger of music publisher Novello; he told Elgar that Taylor was "a genius". Stanford also was as champion of his music.
Coleridge-Taylor was 37 when he died of pneumonia, but his death is often attributed to the stress of his financial situation.
"Zarifa," is the and of "2 Moorish Tone Pictures," composed for piano in 1897. This magnificent transcription was done by Arthur Eaglefield Hull (10 March 1876 – 4 November 1928), English music critic, writer, composer and organist. he graduated with a Doctorate of Music from Oxford University. He lived in Huddersfield in Yorkshire. He was the general editor for the reference work, "A Dictionary of Modern Music and Musicians".
In 1927, his book Music: Classical, Romantic and Modern was published but material in it was found to be borrowed from other writers. Probably a result of hasty carelessness, but the resultant public denunciations destroyed him and he committed suicide throwing himself under a train at Huddersfield Station.
The score is attached below, as well as photos of Taylor and Hull. Musical notes given in First Comment.