Juan Bautista José Cabanilles (1644 – 1712) was a Spanish organist and composer at Valencia Cathedral.
He is considered by many to have been the greatest Spanish Baroque composer, and has been called the Spanish Bach.
Many of Cabanilles's compositions are virtuosic and advanced for their time, but generally, he is in the Spanish tradition of keyboard music following 16th century patterns.
The majority of his manuscripts are kept in the Biblioteca de Catalunya in Barcelona. Numerous compositions for organ (tientos, toccatas, passacaglias, and other works) have survived, as well as a number of works for choirs of up to 13 parts.
This Tiento should be played on one manual.
The mood of it is suggested by the Segundo Tono, the second Modus.
Various interpretations of the "character" imparted by the different modes have been suggested.
Two such interpretations, from Guido D'Arezzo (995-1050) and Adam of Fulda (1445-1505) are:
The second mode (Segundo Tono) is sad.
The second is suitable for the sad things.
Played on solo Flautado (8')