Reinhold Glière (11 January 1875 – 23 June 1956), was a composer in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, of German and Polish descent.
Glière was born in Kiev. In 1894 Glière entered the Moscow Conservatory where he studied with Sergei Taneyev (counterpoint), Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov (composition), Jan Hřímalý, Anton Arensky and Georgi Conus (both harmony). He graduated in 1900.
In 1914 he was appointed director of the Kiev Conservatory.
In 1920, after the revolution, he moved back to Moscow, teaching at the conservatory there until 1941 and interesting himself in the music of the various eastern Soviet republics. Glière continued the romantic Russian tradition, winning immense popularity for his Soviet ballets The Red Poppy and The Bronze Horseman, where he is also able to demonstrate his interest in wider Slavonic musical traditions.
In 1927 he wrote the music for the ballet Krasny mak (The Red Poppy or Flower). The Red Poppy was praised "as the first Soviet ballet on a revolutionary subject". Perhaps this is his most famous work in Russia as well as abroad.
He wrote 3 symphonies, much chamber and piano music, 5 opers and 6 ballets. Also thses significant works Concerto for harp and orchestra in E-flat major, Op. 74 (1938) and Concerto for coloratura soprano and orchestra in F minor, Op. 82 (1943).
Glière achieved a high status in the Soviet musical world after the Russian Revolution, largely because of his interest in national styles. He organized workers’ concerts and directed committees of the Moscow Union of Composers and Union of Soviet Composers.
It appears he did not write any music for the organ.