Lachner, Franz Paul, a German composer and conductor.
Born Rain am Lech 2 April 1803
Died Munich 20 January 1890
Music for organ by Lachner.
Three sonatas Opp. 175, 176, 177
Introduktion und Fuge d-moll, op.62. (4 hands)
Prelude And Fugue (1856) B Minor
Prelude And Fuge E Major/minor
Fugue E Minor
Fuge F Major
He was born into a musical family (his brothers Ignaz, Theodor and Vinzenz also became musicians). He studied music with Simon Sechter and Maximilian, the Abbé Stadler. He conducted at the Theater am Kärntnertor in Vienna. In 1834, he became Kapellmeister at Mannheim. In 1835 Lachner received first prize in acompetition in Vienna with his 5th Symphony Sinfonia passionata. His career there came to a sudden end in 1864 after Richard Wagner's disciple Hans von Bülow took over Lachner's duties. Lachner remained officially in his post on extended leave for a few years until his contract expired.
Lachner was a well-known and prolific composer in his day, though he is not now considered a major composer. His work, influenced by Ludwig van Beethoven and his friend Franz Schubert, is regarded as competent and craftsman-like, but is now generally little known. Among his greatest successes were his opera Catharina Cornaro (1841, preceding Donizetti's opera by three years), his Requiem, and his seventh orchestral suite (1881).
In the present day it may be his organ sonatas (Opp. 175, 176, 177) and chamber music, in particular his music for wind instruments, that receive the most attention, though his string quartets and some of his eight symphonies have been performed and recorded.
Lachner left 191 compositions with opus numbers and 36 with no opus numbers.
Most of his output for organ has been recorded by Rudolf Inning on the Walcker-Orgel in St. Jakobuskirche Ilmenau.