Adolf Friedrich Hesse (30 August 1809 – 5 August 1863) was a German organist and composer.
Hesse was born and died in Breslau. He studied in his home town with the organists Friedrich Wilhelm Berner [de] and Ernst Köhler (1799–1847).He was taught within the Bach tradition of Silesia. On his first concert tour in Germany he met the organist Christian Heinrich Rinck, with whom he returned to study for six months in 1828-1829:
Rinck was a student of Johann Christian Kittel, who in turn was a student of Johann Sebastian Bach.
In 1831, Hesse became the principal organist at the Bernhardinerkirche in Breslau Considered one of the most important organists in Germany, his virtuosic playing and agile pedalwork dazzled audiences.